València’s U4SSC KPI Verification

United for Sustainable and Smart Cities” (U4SSC) is a United Nations initiative coordinated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), ECE and UN-Habitat, and supported by the CBD, ECLAC, FAO, UNDP , UNECA, UNECE, UNESCO, the United Nations environment, UNEP-FI, UNFCCC, UNIDO, UNU-EGOV, UN-Women and WMO to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11: “Make cities and human settlements are inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.

U4SSC is configured as a global platform to address public policies that favor the use of Information Technology and Telecommunications (ICT) to facilitate the transition to sustainable and smart cities and advance in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The evaluation of the indicators of Sustainable and Smart Cities will serve to identify lines and policies of action that contribute to the evolution towards the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals.

València

pioneer city

In October 2019, coinciding with the 9th Green Standards Week, València concluded the verification process of the U4SSC indicators, receiving international recognition for being one of the first cities in achieving it.

The criteria and methodology for evaluating compliance with KPIs are based on the recommendations of the document “Collection Methodology for Key Performance Indicators for Smart Sustainable Cities” of the U4SSC initiative.

The following interactive graph shows the divisions and subdivisions in which València’s key performance indicators as an intelligent and sustainable city are englobed.

You can interact with the graph by clicking on the different areas that will open to show the subareas and indicators that they contain.
To return to the starting point, click on the center of the graph.

The complete table with all the indicators is listed below on the page.

95% to 100%
accomplishment

66% to 95%
accomplishment

33% to 66%
accomplishment

less than 33%
accomplishment

No threshold
of accomplishment settled

No values
available

U4SSC key performance indicators for smart and sustainable cities
to assess compliance with the Sustainable Development Goals

The U4SSC initiative, in the context of sustainable and smart cities and the Sustainable Development Goals has proposed a set of indicators: “Key performance indicators for smart and sustainable cities”, to make it easier for cities and stakeholders to know objectively to what extent they can be considered sustainable and smart.

The set of key performance indicators are structured around three dimensions that correspond to the three pillars of sustainability:
the economy, the environment and society / culture.

Each of these dimensions provides a disaggregated vision of progress and, together, they provide a global vision of the achievements of the city in terms of sustainability, efficiency and innovation.

The results of these indicators (KPI’s) contribute to measuring the progress of the city in achieving the United Nations‘ Sustainable Development Goals. By offering a common set to measure the performance of the city, the KPI’s allow to compare the degree of progress between the different cities, giving rise to the dissemination of good practices and the development of common and standardized norms for the achievement of the SDGs.

After the verification process of the U4SSC indicators for the City of València, the following results were achieved:

Total indicators included in the norm Y4903/L.1630

108
Verified Indicators:
reported data complied with the requisites and were verified by the auditor
93
Indicators not reported 12
Indicators without a defined objective value in the standard 3

València KPIs listing

Economy

Category KPI Objective Value Obtained Value
ICT Infrastructure Household Internet Access 100%
79,6%
Fixed Broadband Subscriptions 60%
75,62%
Wireless Broadband Subscription 100.000
116.098
Wireless Broadband Coverage 3G 100%
100%
Wireless Broadband Coverage 4G 100%
100%
Availability of WIFI in Public Areas -
250
Water and Sanitation Smart Water Meters 100%
94,8%
Water Supply ICT Monitoring 100%
100%
Basic Water Supply 100%
100%
Potable Water Supply 100%
99,10%
Water Supply Loss 0%
9,27%
Wastewater Collection 100%
100%
Household Sanitation 100%
100%
Drainage Drainage / Storm Water System ICT Monitoring 100%
87,5%
Electricity Supply Smart Electricity Meters 80%
91,27%
Electricity Supply ICT Monitoring 100%
-
Demand Response Penetration 80%
-
Electricity System Outage Frequency 0
1,01
Electricity System Outage Time 0
0,68
Access to Electricity 100%
100%
Transport Dynamic Public Transport Information 100%
25,17%
Traffic Monitoring 100%
100%
Intersection Control 100%
34,38
Public Transit Network 200
69,50
Public Transit Network Convenience 100%
100%
Bicycle Network 40
20,04
Shared Vehicles 150
15,65
Travel Time Index 1,5
1,4
Shared Bicycles 700
349,07
Mobility rate: Private Vehicles 20%
35,34%
Mobility rate: Public Transport 55%
30,43%
Mobility rate: Walking 10%
26,73%
Mobility rate: Cycling 10%
7,38%
Mobility rate: ParaTransport 5%
0,12%
Low Carbon Emission Passenger Vehicles 10%
0,04%
Public Service Open Data Sets Published -
117
Open Data Sets % 100%
100%
eGovernment -
487
Public Sector eProcurement 100%
100%
Innovation Research & Development (R&D) expenditure 3%
0,99%
Patents 45
10,23
Small and Medium0Sized Enterprises 98%
99,88%
Employment Unemployment Rate 3%
13,03%
Youth Unemployment Rate 6%
24,76%
ICT Industry Employment 8%
3,43%
Tourism Industry Employment 3%
7,39%
Waste Solid Waste Collection 100%
100%
Buildings Public Building Sustainability 100%
-
Integrated Building Management Systems 100%
-
Urban Planning Pedestrian Infrastructure 3%
4,85%
Urban Development and Spatial Planning 100/SÍ

Environment

Category KPI Objective Value Obtained Value
Air Quality Air pollution by PM2.5 10
13
Air pollution by PM10 20
22
Air pollution by NO2 40
30
Air pollution by SO2 20
4
Air pollution by O3 100
48
Green House Emissions (GHG) 2,77
1,8
Water and Sanitation Water Quality - Percentaje of Households covered by an audited Water Safety Plan 100%
100%
Water Consumption 165
147,7
Fresh Water Consumption 5
100%
WastewaterTreated: Primary 100%
100%
WastewaterTreated: Secondary 100%
100%
WastewaterTreated: Tertiary 100%
100%
Waste Landfll 10%
63,5%
Burnt 0%
0%
Incinerated 40%
0%
Open Dump 0%
0%
Recycled 65%
14,76%
Other 0%
21,74%
Environmental Quality EelectroMagnetic Field Exposure (EMF) 61%
100%
Exposure To Noise 0%
70,48%
Public Space and Nature Green Areas 90
61,03%
Green Area Accessibility 100%
97,56%
Protected Areas 17%
41,25%
Recreational Facilities 300.000
5.255.291,653
Energy Renewable Energy Consumption 20%
-
Electricity Consumption 2.000
3.138,73
Residential Thermal Energy Consumption 60
-
Public Building Energy Consumption 15
149,87

Society & Culture

Category KPI Objective Value Obtained Value
Education Students with access to ICT 100%
-
School Enrollment 100%
92,36%
Higher Education Degrees 30.000
48.816
Adult Literacy 100%
99,63%
Health Electronic Health Records 100%
-
Life Expectancy 85
83,34
Maternal Mortality Rate 70
15,33
Doctors 450
482,9
InPatient Hospital Beds 340
511,31
Health Insurance Coverage 100%
100%
Culture Cultural Expenditure 2,6%
4,10%
Cultural Infrastructure -
-
Housing Informal Settlements 0%
0,13%
Housing Expenditure 25%
31%
Social Inclusion Gender Income Equity 1
0,78
Gini Coeffcient 0
34,10
Poverty 0%
20,64%
Voter Participation 70%
72,12%
Child Care Availability 100%
56,85%
Safety Natural Disaster Related Deaths 0
0%
Disaster Related Economic Losses 0%
-
Resilience Plans 100/SÍ
At Risk Population 0
0%
Emergency Service Response Time 8
-
Police Service 340
196,73
Fire Service 133
49,84
Violent Crime Rate 10
636,41
Transportation Fatalities 1,35
1,88
Food Security Local Food Production 70%
-

The International Telecommunications Union is the specialized agency of the United Nations for ICT. Its tasks include the development of international standards or ecommendations UIT-T, such as Key Performance Indicators, KPI for Smart Sustanable Cities, SSC. These indicators are based on the four fundamental pillars that characterize a city: economy, government, environment and society.

Measurement provided by these key performance indicators (KPIs) facilitate the monitoring of the progress achieved in smart sustainable city transitions. In line with this, the València City Council has been developing a Smart City strategy since 2013 that allows for assessing the current situation of municipal services through service indicators, as well as the definition of city indicators to be able to compare objectively with other cities.

Thanks to the work done in the ISO 37120 certification and the drafting of PNE 178201, València was selected by the International Telecommunications Union as a reference city for collaboration in the drafting of the key performance indicators of the United for Smart Sustainable Cities (U4SSC) of the United Nations and in the implementation of the corresponding indicators, with an aim of helping to measure the progress of the city in its Smart City strategy and contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The United for Smart Sustainable Cities (U4SSC) initiative  has developed a set of international key performance indicators (KPIs) for Smart Sustainable Cities (SSC) to establish the criteria to evaluate ICT´s contributions in making cities smarter and more sustainable, and to provide cities with the means for self-assessments to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs).

In recent years, the Valencia City Council has collaborated closely with the ITU through continuous reporting on the evaluation process and contributing to the improvement of the regulations. Specifically, this work began in May 2018 with the collaboration of the Municipal Services and other public bodies to get certified in the second half of the year 2019.

With all the knowledge acquired and the collaboration of the Municipal Services involved, the City of València has been able to complete the proposed city indicators and will be recognized worldwide as one of the first to achieve the U4SSC Indicators certification.